Monday, April 26, 2010

Cricket fans celebrate Tendulkar's birth day in Varanasi

Cricket fans celebrated the 37th birth day of legendary cricketer Sachin Tendulkar in Varanasi on April 24, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Congress workers take out 'Sankalp Yatra'

Congress party workers took out "Sankalp Yatra" in Varanasi on April 25, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Apna Dal workers take out 'Parivartan Rathyatra'

Apna Dal workers took out "Parivartan Rathyatra" in Varanasi on April 25, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Seminar on 'Environment Management' held

Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith vice-chancellor Professor Avadh Ram inaugurated a seminar on 'Environment Management' in Varanasi on April 25, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Two criminals arrested

Varanasi police arrested two criminals for their alleged involvment in looting loaded truck, on April 23, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Lawyers stage protest against arrest of Sanjeev Rai

Lawyers staged protest against arrest of Sanjeev Rai, an accused of caterer murder case, in Varanasi on April 23, 2010. Leading caterer Pramod Seth was killed on April 22 night.
Photo: Samrat

Beneficiaries of Kansi Ram Awas Yojna get allotment letters

Varanasi Divisional Commissioner AK Upadhyay gave away allotment letters to beneficiaries of Kansi Ram Awas Yojna in Varanasi on April 23, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Sunday, April 25, 2010

University of Ontorio delegation visits BHU

A delegation from University of Ontorio visited Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in Varanasi on April 21, 2010. The delegation met officiating vice-chancellor and rector professor BD Singh and held a meeting to discuss academic issues of mutual interests.
Photo: PPP Cell-BHU

Saturday, April 24, 2010

WR clinch Inter-Railway cricket title

Western Railway (WR) Mumbai won the Inter-Railway cricket tournament tile defeating Central Railway (Mumbai) in the final at Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW) ground in Varanasi on April 15, 2010. DLW general manager KK Saxena gave away the winners trophy to WR skipper Sanjay Bangar (second from left).
North Central Railway (NCR, Allahabad, got the third place defeating other semifinal losers, North-Eastern Frontier Railway, Guwahati.
Photo: Samrat

Friday, April 23, 2010

Railway employees felicitated

Chairperson of NR Railway Varanasi Division Women’s Welfare Organization, Manju Jha felicitated a widow of a Railway staff at Railway Week programme in Varanasi on April 16, 2010. As many as 106 employees of Varanasi Division of NER were awarded on the occasion. Divisional Railway Manager DN Jha was also present on the occasion.
Photo: Samrat

PVVNL chief holds review meeting

Managing director of Purvanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (PVVNL) Suresh Ram held a review meeting on the progress made by Electricity department in 21 districts of Eastern Uttar Pradesh at Purvanchal Vidyut Bhawan, Bhikharipur in Varanasi on April 16, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Workshop on 'Financial Management of Institutions of Higher Education' organised in BHU

Chairman of Delhi School of Professional Studies and Research Professor BP Singh addressed national workshop on "Financial Management of Institutions of Higher Education" at Swatantrata Bhawan in Banaras Hindu University on April 16, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Congress launches Sandesh Yatra in Varanasi

Sandesh Yatra, a mass contact drive launched by the Congress party to commemorate 125th year of the party, reached Varanasi on April 16, 2010. The carvan covered almost all important areas of the city. A large number of Congress party workers participated in the event.
Photo: Samrat

SP workers protest dismal power situation in Varanasi

Samajvadi Party (SP) workers distributed hand fans, candles and water among people at Chitranjan Park in Varanasi on April 16, 2010 to express their protest against deteriorating power supply condition in the city.
Photo: Samrat

Monday, April 19, 2010

BR Ambedkar's statue unveiled in Varanasi

A life-size statue of Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar was unveiled near Kutchery in Varanasi on April 14, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Rich tributes paid to BR Ambedkar

Divisional Railway Manager of NE Raliway's Varanasi Division Dayanand Jha paid floral tributes to Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar on latter's birth anniversary in Varanasi on April 14, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

BSP's rally marks the birth anniversary celebrations of Dr BR Ambedkar

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) organised a big rally in Varanasi on April 14, 2010 to celebrate the birth anniversary of Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar.
Photo: Samrat

BR Ambedkar's birth anniversary celebrated

The 119th birth anniversary of Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar was celebrated at state function in Varanasi on April 14, 2010. Varanasi Division Commissioner AK Upadhyaya inaugurated the function. A seminar on Dr Amabedkar was also organised to mark the occasion.
Photo: Samrat

Sunday, April 18, 2010

Sinkhs take out procession to celebrate Baishakhi in Mugal Sarai

Sikhs took out procession on the eve of Baishakhi festival in Mugal Sarai near Varanasi on April 13, 2010
Photo: Samrat

Fire damages a compartment of Ganga-Tapti Express

A fire broke out at a stationary compartment of Ganga-Tapti Express at the washing pit of Varanasi Junction railway station on April 13, 2010. The cause of the fire was said to be some snag in electrical wiring.

Photo: Samrat

Fire breaks out at Shankuldhara power sub-station

Shankuldhara power sub-station caught fire in Varanasi on April 13, 2010 due to some technical snag.
Photo: Samrat

Major fire at Pahadia Mandi in Varanasi

Major fire broke out at Pahadia Mandi area destroying 60 shops and property worth thousands of rupees in Varanasi on April 13, 2010

Photo: Samrat

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Varanasi lawyers stage protest against police lathicharge on their Kanpur counterparts

Lawyers took out procession in Varanasi on April 12, 2010 in protest against police lathi-charge on their counterparts in Kanpur recently.
Photo: Samrat

BJP's protest against price rise continues in Varanasi

In continuation of its signature campaign against escalating prices of essential commodities, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) workers launched the drive at Gillet Bazar area in Varanasi on April 12, 2010. Hundreds of local residents lodged their protest against price rise.
Photo: Samrat

A unique way of protest

A film director lays on the bed of thorns at Pishach Mochan in Varanasi on April 12, 2010 in protest against revengeful steps taken by the Uttar Pradesh government against Congressmen.
Photo: Samrat

BJYM holds youth conference in Varanasi

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader and MP Dr Murli Manohar Joshi addressed a Youth Conference, organised by Bharatiya Janata Yuva Mocha (BJYM) at Ganesh Mandapam in Varanasi on April 11, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Purvanchal Jan Morcha activists pay tributes to CRPF personnel killed in Maoists attack

Purvanchal Jan Morcha activists paid tributes to CRPF personnel killed in naxal attacks in Dantewada (Chhattisgarh) by performing "Havan" in Varanasi on April 11, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Protest against school fee hike

Subeh-e-Banaras activists took out a procession in protest against the school fee hike in Varanasi on April 11, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

Floral tributes paid to Mahatma Jyotiba Phule

Birth anniversary of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule was celebrated in Varanasi on April 11, 2010. Social workers, political leaders and common people offered floral tributes to Mahatam Phule on the occasion.
Photo: Samrat

Examination building at Regional Centre of UP Board inaugurated

Uttar Pradesh Minister for Secondary Education, Rangnath Mishra, inaugurated four-storey examination building at Regional Centre of UP Board in Varanasi on April 11,2010.
Photo: Samrat

NE Railway general manager UCD Shreni holds meeting top divisional officers in Varanasi

North Eastern Railway general manager UCD Shreni held a meeting with North Eastern Railway Varanasi Division manager Dayanad Jha and other top officials and reviwed the progress of the development work being undertaken by the division in Varanasi on April 7, 2010.
Photo: Samrat

NER general manager Shreni visits Carriage Coaching Depot in Manduadih

North Eastern Railway (NER) general manager UCD Shreni inspected Carriage Coaching Depot in Manduadih (Varanasi) on April 7, 2010. He also visited Manduadih station and all its passengers aminities.
Photo: Samrat

South Korean delegates visit BHU

A delegation from South Korea visited Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in Varanasi on April 7, 2010. The delegation also held a meeting with officiating vice-chancellor and rector professor BD Singh.
Photo: PPP Cell-BHU

Saturday, April 10, 2010

Brahmananda on International Money

(International Institute for Development Studies, Kolkata)

PR Brahmananda contributes valuable writings on international trade, exchange rate and international liquidity. But his recent papers on international money create special attraction in the field of international monetary system.

For the international gold standard, he thought that, gold, gold convertible sterling bonds, bills were accepted as international money in international transactions where Britain dominated international trade and payments mechanism although he intelligently avoids the political economy concept of Britain’s domination.

He explicitly wrote in detail the workings of gold standard, its automaticity of attaining BOPs equilibrium because of fixed and stable exchange rate of gold and sterling since gold price was stable during long period of time.The relation between gold and money supply was based on the classical monetary theory. He avoids that worlds’ gold production and supply were dominated by Great Britain.

It is to note that under classical free trade,both gold and silver standard were in vogue ,and function one after another or simultaneously when international silver price rose and price of gold fell continuously in 18th century onward.Even in the heyday of gold standard,India followed gold exchange standard and before that she also followed silver standard .

International gold standard breaks down as a result of two world wars which were the general outcome of power crisis among capitalist nations.International post war reconstruction started. Bretton Woods formed and IMF and World Bank were born. He has no difference of opinion that USA being a world supreme power, since world war one,became the key currency country and dollar was accepted as international money after declining Britain’s hegemony.Gold convertible dollar, dollar bonds, bill and securities were considered as international money.International payments mechanism conducted by IMF seems to be pro American.

He believes that the post war international monetary system has gone through three phases, namely, 1) dollar is the key currency, 2) dollar maintains fixed price with gold, 3) IMF maintains exchange rate of dollar and its stability.

But this Bretton Woods system collapsed because US could not maintain gold dollar convertibility as her dollar liabilities was greater than gold holdings since her BOPs deficit was stepping up unprecedentedly and naturally the international monetary system disappeared in true sense.

He explains that IMF is solely responsible in the fundamental disequilibrium in exchange rate system in post war era but he could not explain that the evolutionary process of BrettonWoods and the acceptance of White plan nullifying Keynes plan are genesis of break down of international monetary system.

He says that current international monetary system has a deep asymmetry whereas the gold standard mechanism has automatic adjustment of international BOPs equilibrium.He advocates that depreciation and capital flows produces developing countries in financial crises and they face great difficulty in introducing floating exchange rate mechanism.

Empirical research asserts that volatility, currency crises and banking crises in the developing countries occurred due to adoption of floating rate and currency convertibility without achieving macro economic balance and other criteria of convergence policies and financial liberalisation.

Incidentally, emerging economies, integrating blocs, regional and sub-regional blocs, eliminating tariff and nontariff barriers, practising common currency, face dollar hegemony.In this context he thought that single currency domination may disappear as a result of evolving blocs.

However, today, under globalisation, USA forming Free Trade Areas of America, allowing huge FDI and other capital flows and stock market securities,is trying to recapture dollar hegemony making IMF as the lender of the last resort irrespective of unbaked dollar convertible system.

Hence he advocates that only an international co-ordinating authority can restore international equilibrium in trade, money and exchange rate.

In this context, Keynes’ Bancor as international money with fixed/target zone exchange rate system having convertible with gold managed by a world central bank- is not granted by him. On the contrary, he advocates, classical gold standard mechanism for international monetary stability, but he does not propose any international institution for forming any coordinating authority to do so.

If so, will the international gold standard revive again? In answering the question, we know that EM Kingsway, Ray W.Jastram Thomas, J Holt, R Dornbusch, JP Dossaur, R.N.Cooper suggested to return to gold standard when US passed the gold commission report in 1982, but USA rejected the proposal.

Again, we know that under classical and neoclassical theory, convertible currency system must have long run exchange rate stability, national price tends to equalise world price level and the equalisation of purchasing power.

But if dollar be the vehicle currency in the convertible system (as presently practicing by USA) where dollar has no backing ,then will there be an equalisation of purchasing power when dollar has no unit of account as a means of international payments?

He has no convincing answer in his analysis. However, he admits currency board solution for developing countries introducing adjustable peg in exchange rate mechanism.

It should be mentioned that currency board is the better solution for integrating blocs who are progressing towards a common currency, otherwise for developing countries with weak financial system and low macro indicators could be destabilising.

He defines that “international money currently is the aggregate of portions of currencies of different countries,which are fully convertible among themselves with the terms of exchange being generally stable.It is assumed that these currencies are mutually acceptable among the different countries for settlement of current account deficits and for current transfers.If all exchange rates have the above properties all currencies will be part of international money.”

In defining he advocates again on the role of international gold standard for trade and BOPs settlements. But, presently, gold has lost its monetary use value in international settlements except in some reserve requirement in IMF, World Bank and other international financial institutions to run the confidence.

Hence, he may be a believer of multiple currency practices in international monetary system in which it is not the optimum solution in attaining equilibrium in BOPs while SDR system was proved ineffective in 1970s. If multiple currency practices is to be effective presently,then it requires complete restructuring in IMF to manage international exchange rate mechanism and its stability maintaining a unit of account otherwise the international monetary system will be anchorless.

Bhowmik, Debesh (2002): Essays in International Money. Deep and Deep, New Delhi.
Brahmananda, PR(1997): The Triple Revolution in International Economics. Amrit Jubilee Lecture at the 80th conference of the Indian Economic Association, Osmania University, Hyderabad, 28th Dcember.
Brahmananda, PR (2001): The Triple Revolution in International Economics: IMF, International Money, Trade, and Growth in Developing Areas. 84th Conference Volume of IEA,Vellore, pp288-312.

(Debesh Bhowmik is the author of Economics of Poverty)

Foreign delegates visit BHU

Varanasi, April 9, 2010: A foreign delegation comprising members from 25 countries called on the officiating Banaras Hindu University (BHU) Vice-Chancellor and Rector, Professor BD Singh at the university office on Friday and discussed at a length about the academic and other aspects of BHU. The delegation was led by National University of Education Planning and Administration (NUEPA) officials.

The delegation consists of teachers from primary education to higher education, managers and administrators of different education department of Afghanistan, Botswana, Cuba, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Iraq, Ivory coast, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Lesotho, Maldives, Mongolia, Namibia, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

A power point presentation about BHU was presented by Prof. B D Singh. While introducing the purpose of visit Professor Panda from NUEPA said this was the 26th batch of international delegation in education, planning and administration conducted by NUEPA, New Delhi.

This course includes 6 months training (February 1 to July 31, 2010) out of which 3 months (February 1 to April 30, 2010) stay in India and next 3 months (May 1 to July 31) they will be offered training in their respective home countries.

The delegation also included BHU Professor Harikesh Bahadur Singh, who is currently in deputation to NUEPA. The members of delegation have shown keen interest in the admission procedure and fee structure for the foreign students in BHU. They were told that there were over 500 foreign students from 48 countries in BHU.

They were explained that the foreign student can contact their respective Embassy/High Commissions for admission in BHU. The delegation had shown deep interest into academic and administrative set up and the cultural heritage of BHU.

It may be noted here that NUEPA which was earlier an autonomous body of UGC has turned into a Central University. The meeting was also attended by Registrar, Finance Officer, Chairman International Cell, Chairman PPP Cell, Technical Cell, Deputy Registrar (Academic) and Deputy Registrar (Admin) from BHU.
Photo caption: BHU rector professor BD Singh (left) presents memento to Professor Panda of National University of Education Planning and Administration (NUEPA) in BHU on April 9, 2010.
Bottom: Foreign delegates hold meeting with BHU rector professor BD Singh in Varanasi on April 9, 2010.
Source: PPP Cell-BHU